DELHI: Smooth drive is a pleasure but what to do if the worst
happens, specially when you are on a vacation with your family
making to some hill station or a country resort. You may be
quite confident steering a newly purchased car of international
make with remote apprehensions of a break-down, but remember
you may face a hassle due to tyre puncture.
Fortunately tyre technology has advanced to a stage where blowouts
are a rare occurrence. It has been seen that in most cases of
puncture, there is still sufficient air left in the tyre to
enable the driver to make it to a service station nearby or
move the car to the safe place on road side to replace the tyre.
you should bear in mind that excessive tread wear or carcass
damage may cause a blowout suddenly when ruptured. If it so
happens, exercise the following care:
When the tyre blows resist the urge to slam on the brakes.
Try to keep the car moving straight and keep a firm hand on
the steering wheel.
Bump the brake pedal gently to slow down.
look for an emergency lane (if on highway) or to a convenient
place to stop. Switch on your hazard lights simultaneously.
all necessary precautions to safeguard against on-coming traffic
when moving out of the car.
Next to do will be either or replace your tyre yourself or look
for a car breakdown service to help you. Mostly you should be
ready to change the wheel yourself to save time. It is of course
necessary for your to know as to what steps be taken in a situation
when youve got a flat.
Step A: Ensure to keep the spare tyre properly inflated. (Of
course as my personal habit, I keep inflating the spare to its
recommended pressure once a week). Ensure that the handbrake
is applied, and chock one of the grounded wheels (a brick, a
block of wood or a boulder would be just fine) in the direction
of the downward slope, to prevent the vehicle rolling backwards.
B: Uncover the wheel nuts by removing designer wheel plate,
fitted, if any, to your vehicle.
C: Loosen the nuts no more than a quarter turn. This is usually
a hard job, as the nuts are often found very tight. Your wheel
brace may have one of those, which could be extended to provide
leverage by sliding a long tube over a handle.
D: Look for the recommended jacking point and fit the jack into
it. It is always wise to check the owners manual if you
are not sure where it is. Until the wheel is well clear off
the ground, keep raising the car. No matter how safe it may
look, do not sneak underneath the car.
E: Unscrew and remove all the wheel nuts. (You may use hubcap
to contain them to avoid losing even one). Now pull off the
wheel and fit in the spare.
G: Lower the jack until the tyre just touches the ground and
fully tighten the wheel nuts.
H: Lower the jack completely and remove it. Refit hubcap or
other fittings to the wheel. Ensure to make up the flat tyre
at the nearest available puncture shop.
accidents are reported usually to have occurred while drivers
are performing repairs on the road. Even emergency lanes, if
any, on highways do no offer total safety from oncoming traffic.
getting out of your vehicle, take extra caution to traffic approaching
from the rear. Place a hazard warning at least a few cars away
from your vehicle. Make repairs only on the side of the car
away from the road. It is also important to choose the right
advertisements appearing in media may allure you on a hundred
different factors to consider: traction, tread wear, profile,
(distance between the wheel rim and the tread), load carrying
capacity - the list is endless.
is said that the ideal tyre should provide nibble and accurate
steering. The construction must also be rigid enough to withstand
damage and yet be able to absorb road shocks. It should also
provide maximum adhesion to acceleration, a braking and cornering,
in wet or dry conditions. It should also not overheat or lose
pressure under extreme driving conditions and it must be able
to last 1,00,000 km or more.
all appear to be a tall order. However, we have to compromise
with what best we can have. Therefore to choose the best tyre,
the bottom line should be select one that best suits our needs.